Common Ways of Treatment For Obstructive Sleep Apnea
About 18 million Americans are now suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It is a condition in which your breathing is interrupted during sleep. There are various kinds of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.
Before getting the conclusion on any kind of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, you should get proper diagnosis. Polysomnography is a test used to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea and based on the test results your sleep therapist will recommend you the best possible treatment.
The treatment will also depend on the severity of your condition. People with milder sleep apnea may have various options, whereas people with moderate-severe apnea should be treated with some specific treatment methods.
Along with following the doctor’s prescribed treatments, there are some lifestyle modifications that you should follow, such as losing weight if you are obese, avoiding alcohol 4-6 hours before going to the bed, stopping smoking if you smoke, avoiding sedative medications and sleeping tablets and sleep on your side instead sleeping on your back or stomach.
As obesity is major risk factor for OSA, reducing the weight can greatly help in reducing the risk of OSA. According to the reports, a 10% reduction in weight can help with 26% reduction in the respiratory disturbance index.
Methods of Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea:
Here are the various ways in which treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea is done.
- Initially all the patients should be referred to use nasal Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)therapy.This is a small pump that helps to deliver a continuous flow of compressed air to you through a mask that either covers your nose or your nose and mouth.
- For patients with mild-severe sleep apnea, if CPAP therapy didn’t work, then they are referred with BiPAP therapy. In case BiPAP therapy is failed, then oral appliance (OA) should be considered.
- OA therapy may be considered as a first line of therapy for patients who refuse to try nasal CPAP therapy.
- In case all the non-invasive therapies like CPAP, BiPAP and OAs fails to work, then the patient is prescribed with surgical procedures. Prior undergoing the procedure, you need to discuss with your doctor about the success rate of the procedure, what are the complications involved with the surgery and the recovery period required after undergoing the surgery.
- Sometimes, even simple surgeries like tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, and tracheostomy can give you much relief from OSA. Another effective surgery is Soft palate implants that help to make the soft palate stiffer and less likely to vibrate and cause an obstruction.These implants are inserted when you are under general anesthesia.