How To Diagnose Narcolepsy? Know The Various Tests Involved
Narcolepsy is basically a kind of neurological condition affecting the sleep patterns of an individual. People suffering from narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness.
One of the worst parts about suffering from narcolepsy is that the sudden sleep attacks generally occur almost anytime regardless of the activity an individual might be engaged in.
If you are wondering how to diagnose narcolepsy then you must know that the diagnosis of narcolepsy requires different types of tests. Doctors generally perform physical test and go into the depth of the medical history of the patient for ruling out the causes of the condition.
Test For How To Diagnose Narcolepsy
The specialized tests for how to diagnose narcolepsy that need to be performed in a sleep disorder clinic have been detailed below:
Epworth Sleepiness Scale
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale test involves asking the patient a total of eight questions using a scale from zero to three. Scores are between 2 and 24. Scores between 0 and 10 are considered normal while scores above 10 require further investigation.
Polysomnogram or PSG
Polysomnogram or PSG is sleep study and is generally performed in a sleep laboratory. This is a test which transmits and even records physical actions of the patient’s body electronically while he or she is sleeping. These actions include breathing patterns, brain activity and movement.
Multiple Sleep Latency Test
This is a test that measures how long it takes an individual to fall asleep during the day. This is a test performed post polysomnography. During this test, the patient is asked to take a number of naps during the day. There is a specialist who analyses how easily and quickly an individual falls asleep.
This is a test that measures the hypocretin level in the fluid surrounding the spinal cord. People suffering from narcolepsy generally possess two hypocretin levels. Hypocretin is basically a chemical which helps in the promotion of wakefulness.
Photo Credits: sleeptightappliances.com