Know The Central Sleep Apnea Causes and Treatments

By on October 8, 2014

Sleep apnea is a condition in which you stop breathing during your sleep. This breathing is mainly interrupted due to the repeated pauses, also called as apneic events.

Here we are going to discuss the main type of sleep apnea, which is central sleep apnea. And also about the central sleep apnea causes and treatments.

What is central sleep apnea?

Central Sleep Apnea Causes and TreatmentsDuring the cases of central sleep apnea, breathing is continuously disrupted during the sleep because of the way the person’s brain functions.

It is not the case that you can’t breathe at all, rather you don’t to breathe at all. It is the condition in which a person doesn’t receive any signal from brain to the muscles to breathe.

Usually, central sleep apnea is linked to some serious kind of illnesses, particularly a condition in which the lower brain stem that controls breathing is greatly affected. If an infant is suffering from central sleep apnea, breathing pauses can last for 20 seconds.

What are the central sleep apnea causes?

There are number of conditions that can result in this condition and these causes vary based on the type of sleep apnea that the patent has. Here are the conditions that may be associated with central sleep apnea:

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Hypothyroid disease
  • Neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and Lou Gehrig’s disease
  • Brain stem damage caused by stroke, encephalitis, injury and some other factors
  • Drugs such as opioids may cause irregular breathing, like decrease or increase in the regular patterns or even stopping the breathing for a while.

What are the available central sleep apnea treatments?

  • If the cause of central sleep apnea is associated with any existing medical condition, then the treatment is suggested to address the medical issue. For example, if the cause is congestive heart failure, the patient should receive therapy for heart failure.
  • If the cause is usage of Opioid medications, patient should reduce the usage or reduce the dosage of the medications.
  • Medications like Diamox or theophyllineare suggested to use in people with central sleep apnea.
  • CPAP method is also a way to treat central sleep apnea. This is also useful to treat obstructive sleep apnea. CPAP treatment includes a mask that you need to wear during the sleep. This mask is then attached to a pump to supply the air continuously and keep the upper airways open.
  • ASV (Adaptive servo ventilation) is another technique suggested if CPAP is not effective in treating your condition. It also works similar to CPAP, but the only difference is the system can be adjusted for the air pressure during your sleep. One more advantage with ASV is that it can automatically deliver breath if you don’t take breath in few seconds.