Symptoms And Treatments For Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea

By on November 3, 2015

Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea is basically an involuntary termination of breathing occurring in an individual while he or she is asleep in children. Untreated sleep apnea might stop breathing in an individual repeatedly during sleep often for a minute and even longer.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that occurs when the throat muscles relax and even block the airways intermittently during sleep. Habitual snoring is one of the most common signs of this condition and 10% of children aged between 1 and 9 are affected with this condition.

Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea

It is always very important for people to remain aware of the symptoms and the treatment of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea and the points mentioned below do this elaborately:

Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Symptoms

The important symptom of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea includes habitual snoring during sleep. But, it is important to note that habitual snoring that does not cause any sleep disturbances or abnormalities in gas exchange is not a symptom of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea.

Excessive daytime sleepiness or hypersomnia, frequent awakening in between of sleep, feeling restlessness after waking up in morning, facing difficulty in waking up, abnormal breathing while in sleep, enuresis, having hyperactive or behavioral problems, and breathing through mouth in the daytime. Patients undergoing this condition need to take the help of a doctor if the snoring is quite loud and disturbs the sleep on the others.

Treatment For Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Surgery

Surgeries for POSA involve procedures where doctor surgically removes tonsils and adenoids in order to clear the airway obstruction. Commonly used pediatric obstructive sleep apnea surgery options are Adenotonsillectomy, and Tonsillotomy. It is important to note that not all children with OSA need to undergo surgery.

CPAP Mask

Positive airway pressure therapy is also considered one of the most effective treatments for obstructive sleep apnea.

Mouthpiece

The most common treatment for Pediatric OSA is making the use of a device for keeping the airways open. A mouthpiece can also be used for thrusting the jaw forward while sleeping. If, using a mouthpiece is of no good for the patient, the patient might have to undergo surgery.

Medications

Medications like topical nasal steroids such as budesonide and fluticasone can help in easing the symptoms of POSA.

Avoiding Allergens and Irritants

People suffering from this condition should avoid indoor allergens and tobacco smoke because these can result in nasal congestion and airway irritation.

Dietary Changes

Children with obstructive sleep apnea should avoid taking heavy meals before going to sleep. This is must in case of child who is undergoing OSA treatment with the help of CPAP.

Weight Reduction

One of the main causes of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea is obesity. So, maintaining proper weight will also help in managing Pediatric OSA.

Photo Credits: sleepstudyphoenix.com

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