What Are The Various Sleep Apnea Types?

By on January 22, 2015

Sleep apnea is having breathing pauses while sleeping. The condition of shallow breathing is also known as sleep apnea. This condition is quite common but it can turn out to be very dangerous if it is left untreated.

Sleep Apnea Types

The major Sleep Apnea Types are the following:

Sleep Apnea Types

Obstructive Sleep Apnea or OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea or OSA is caused due to an obstruction stopping the air flow to the mouth and the nose. The levels of blood oxygen fall with the pause of breathing and this pressurizes the heart to work very hard.

When the heart starts working harder, there is a rise in blood pressure and this might result in irregular heartbeat.

Most common causes of obstructive sleep apnea include large tonsils or adenoids, enlarged tongue, deviated spectrum, nasal blockage or congestion because of allergy and the more than normal relaxation of tongue and throat muscles.

Central Sleep Apnea or CSA

Central sleep apnea or CSA is one of the most uncommon sleep apnea types. This is a condition that occurs when the nerves and the brain parts having the responsibility of controlling breathing, do not work in the proper manner.

This results in breathing impairment. A head injury or a stroke is usually the cause of this sleep apnea type.

This type of sleep apnea generally occurs is infants and adults with cerebrovascular disease, heart disease and congenital disease. High altitudes and medications can also result in this type of sleep apnea.

Mixed Sleep Apnea

Mixed sleep apnea is a very rare sleeping disorder that is not found in many individuals. This sleep apnea type is basically a combination of Central and Obstructive sleep apnea.

The causes and the treatments for this sleep apnea type are very similar to the causes and the treatments for the other two varieties of sleep apnea.